In recent years, the issue of climate change has become one of the most pressing global concerns. As the Earth`s temperature continues to rise, nations around the world are taking action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The implementation of international agreements has become a key component of this effort.
One such agreement is the Kyoto Protocol. Adopted in 1997, this international treaty aimed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from developed countries by 5% below 1990 levels by the year 2012. To achieve this goal, the Protocol established a system of emissions trading, allowing countries to buy and sell emissions credits to meet their targets.
Another significant international agreement is the Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015. This treaty replaced the Kyoto Protocol and established a more ambitious goal of limiting global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with a target of 1.5 degrees Celsius. The Paris Agreement also requires each participating country to update their emissions targets every five years, with the aim of achieving net-zero emissions by the second half of this century.
In addition to these agreements, the Montreal Protocol is another international treaty that placed limits on greenhouse gases. However, its focus was primarily on the reduction of ozone-depleting substances rather than carbon emissions. The Protocol was adopted in 1987 and has since been amended several times to include additional substances and stricter regulations.
It is important to note that not all countries have ratified these agreements, and some have even withdrawn from them. Nevertheless, the majority of nations recognize the urgent need to address climate change and are actively working towards reducing their greenhouse gas emissions.
In conclusion, the Kyoto Protocol, the Paris Agreement, and the Montreal Protocol are international agreements that placed limits on greenhouse gases. These treaties demonstrate the global commitment to address the pressing issue of climate change and provide a framework for nations to work together towards a more sustainable future.